Merino sheep are wool sheep breed. Wool by breeds [This is a partial list of some of the breeds of sheep whose wool is used by handspinners. These breeds are classified into six different breed types: meat, fine wool, long wool, dual purpose, hair, and minor breeds. Mecheri sheep are one among the recognized breeds of sheep in Tamil Nadu and reared mainly for meat and the primary by-product is skin. The American Sheep Industry Association recognizes 47 different breeds of sheep in the United States. Interestingly, there are some studies that show that certain hair sheep breeds (like Katahdins and Dorpers) are more resistant to parasites, too. Barbados Blackbelly sheep, of predominantly West African origin, were imported into the United States in the early 1900s. Our interest is is the fine, medium and longwool breeds. Wool sheep can be mainly classed in four general categories: Fine wool breeds, Long wool breeds, Medium wool and Carpet wool breeds. The descriptions of wool are taken from various referrence sources, as well as personal experience, and are only meant to be a rough way to differentiate between types of wool.] #30. The Teeswater was crossed with the English Leicester to yield to Wensleydale breed. Lambs-wool of this breed is in demand for its softness and lustre, being long enough to be combed. Both are considered rare sheep breeds and are unique to the United States. #31. The first Coolalee rams became commercially available in 1983. Use Sheep breeds are often categorized as to whether they are more suitable as a ram or ewe in the breeding program. Suffolks are easily distinguishable from other breeds of sheep by their white wool, black faces, and long, black legs. The fleece is also quite curly and similar in some ways to mohair. Merino. The older sheep-wool is a little too coarse for use in garments and not so lustrous. However, they are also good for meat production. The Mecheri is an Indian sheep breed. Ram or "sire" breeds excel in growth and carcass (meat) characteristics whereas ewe or "dam" (maternal) breeds excel in fitness (e.g. Romeldale is an American fine wool breed, and the California Variegated Mutant (CVM) is its multi-colored derivative. The wool is among the finest of the long wool breeds. Long Wool Breeds that produce long, wavy or ringed fleece, used primarily for tweeds and rugs. Technically, all sheep have both wool and hair fibers. The Teeswater is a large, dual-purpose, long wool sheep from Great Britain. They are known for their long, purled locks, with a staple length of 8 to 12 inches. The breed resulted from the crossing of the Wiltshire Horn, Suffolk, Hampshire Down, Poll Dorset, Lincoln and English Leicester sheep. Medium Wool Breeds that produce medium-soft wool used as … They are almost always polled, and mature ewes can weigh up to 250 pounds. These can range from meat, wool, and milk production or a combination of characteristics. Large and hearty, good mothers, and prolific to boot, it's no wonder the Suffolk is many a farmer's breed of choice for meat sheep. If you are interested in raising sheep for wool the Romeldale is a great choice. The breed is free of wool, polled, and of a distinctive red-brown color with black belly and badger face pattern. What differentiates between a hair sheep and a wool sheep is that hair sheep have fewer wooly fibers and more “hairy” fibers. Found mostly in high, cool, rainy areas such as England, Scotland and New Zealand. The Merino is a popular domestic sheep breed. Montadale Sheep Breeds The breed is now predominantly medium grey colour and is commonly known as the Swedish Pelt Sheep. Coolalee sheep are Australian short wool, meat sheep breed, developed from an eight-year breeding program commenced in 1968. Knowing the breed and fibre characteristics is important when choosing the best fibre for your projects. These sheep are popular with weavers. 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